Chronic renal failure(CRF) is an irreversible deterioration in renal function which classically develops over a period of years.

Initially it is manifested only as a biochemical abnormality.Gradually and eventually ,there is loss of the excretory,metabolic and endocrine functionsleading to uraemia.

In CRF ,the normal structure and function of the kidney is destroyed.Patients often have bilateral small kidneys.

There is disturbances in water,electrolyte and acid-base balance contributing to accumulation of various intermediary products of metabolism-causing uraemia.

Important causes leading to CRF-

Congenital and inherited – polycystic kidney disease,congenital hypoplasia,others..

Vascular disease – renal artery stenosis

Hypertension

Glomerular disease

Diabetes mellitus

SLE

Myeloma

Other uncertain causes

 

CLINICAL FEATURES

Appetite loss

General ill feeling and fatigue

Headaches

Itching (pruritus) and dry skin

Nausea

Weight loss without trying to lose weight

Yellow-brown  complexion

Pallor(anemia)

Limbic Calcification

Hyperventilation

Hypertension

Pericardial friction friction rib

Small kidneys on ultrasound

Distal pigmentation of nails

Bruising

Excoriation due to prurits

Peripheral neuropathy

Oedema

Myopathy

Neuropathy

Cardivascular disorders

Infection

Brain and nervous system symptoms:

Drowsiness and confusion

Problems concentrating or thinking

Numbness in the hands, feet, or other areas

Muscle twitching or cramps

Breath odor

Excessive thirst

Frequent hiccups

Low level of sexual interest and impotence

Menstrual periods stop (amenorrhea)

Shortness of breath

Sleep problems, such as insomnia, restless leg syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea

Swelling of the feet and hands (edema)

Vomiting, typically in the morning

 

COMPLICATIONS

Anemia

Bleeding from the stomach or intestines

Bone, joint, and muscle pain

Changes in blood sugar

Damage to nerves of the legs and arms (peripheral neuropathy)

Dementia

Fluid buildup around the lungs (pleural effusion)

Heart and blood vessel complications

Congestive heart failure

Coronary artery disease

High blood pressure

Pericarditis

Stroke

High phosphorous levels

High potassium levels

Hyperparathyroidism

Increased risk of infections

Liver damage or failure

Malnutrition

Miscarriages and infertility

Seizures

Swelling (edema)

 

PROGNOSIS,DIALYSIS,CONVENTIONAL TREATMENT  AND HOMEOPATHIC APPROACH

Individuals with chronic renal failure show a collection of laboratory abnormalities, symptoms and signs additionally to people observed with acute renal failure. It reflects progressive and long-standing nature of renal impairment along with resulting on several types of tissues.

An individualized homoeopathic therapeutic state is significant when considering patient’s psychological presentation. Homoeopathy can do wonders here. It has prevented numerous cases progressing towards renal transplant and hemodialysis. As per an observation, those cases who are being diagnosed with chronic renal failure and if a doctor recommend them for dialysis, if they simultaneously receive homoeopathic medication, they will need dialysis less frequently and quality of their life improves.

Both hemodialysis and renal transplant are required when about 90 % or more percentage of functionality of kidney is lost. You should make preparations of hemodialysis at least months before it is actually required. Particularly, you need to know a procedure for creating an ‘access’ before several weeks or may be months before initialization of hemodialysis. Renal transplant is a need for a patient whose is suffering from kidney failure. In this situation, body of a patient requires some external support for removing formed toxins inside body when both kidneys stop to function.

Indicated homoeopathic remedies greatly help patients and prevents numerous cases, which progress towards dialysis stage or renal transplant. Majority of pending cases of renal failure’s end stage come for homoeopathic rescue as one last resort, as most of them cannot afford transplant and long-term dialysis. Other small bunch of patients desire to know benefits of homoeopathic treatment. But a clinical judgment varies from person to person. Indicated homoeopathic remedies reduce number of required dialysis over a span of time and overcome complications, which are associated with therapy of chronic dialysis.

Complications of dialysis & its homeopathic management are very critical in nature. Patient of chronic dialysis depends on one machine for whole life. Such patients develop variety of psychiatric, somatic and neurologic disorders.

One neurologic disorder or ‘Dialysis dementia’ is one characteristic example. In mental sphere, patients like these become extremely depressed. These reduced physical abilities of them as a result make them depressive and sad.   They become irritable as they know a fact that they now have to live by depending on others. Sometimes they tolerate this and try not to express frustration. Arnica is one homeopathic remedy, which immensely help in these cases.

Millions of patients suffering from even chronic renal failure give convincing reply that  homeopathy has helped them relieve symptoms of their disease.