If you suspect a third-degree burn, see you physician at once or go to the emergency room of the nearest hospital. Do not attempt to treat the injury, do not remove clothing that is stuck to the burned area, and do not put ice or water on the burn. A third-degree burn requires professional treatment.
Cool a first-or second-degree burn at once to reduce pain and swelling. Immerse the area in cool running water, or use cool compresses for a minimum of ten minutes. Do not use ice water, and do not stop prematurely. While cooling the burn, remove rings, wristwatches, belts, or anything else that could constrict the injured area once it begins to swell.
To remove hot tar, wax, or melted plastic from the skin, use ice water to harden the heated substance.
After the burn has been cooled, apply aloe vera gel or a product such as Burn Gel from Aerobic Life industries, which contains aloe vera, to ease pain and promote healing. Do not put oils, greasy ointments, or butter on burns. Do not break blisters.
While your body is recovering from a burn especially a second-or third-degree burn-change your diet to provide a high protein intake and up to 5,000 or 6,000 calories per day. This is needed for tissue repair and healing.
Watch for signs of infection, odor, pus, or extreme redness in the area of the burn. Protect the injury from exposure to sun.
Drink plenty of fluids throughout the healing phase.
Keep burn injuries elevated to minimize swelling and promote healing. This is especially important for burns on the hands, legs, or feet.
Try adding 1 tablespoon of powdered vitamin C to 1 quart of cold water and spraying it on the burn site. This has been found to enhance healing. Or try using cold clay poultices .
If infection starts to set in, apply honey three times a day after gently washing the area with hydrogen peroxide.