High Blood Pressure-Hypertension

High blood pressure is called “the silent killer” because it often causes no symptoms for many years, even decades, until it finally damages certain critical organs.

Homoeopathic intervention aims at treating the whole patient and not just the symptoms .

For the most effective treatment, proper administration of medicine under homeopathy requires a thorough study by a qualified homeopath of the patient’s lifestyle, behaviors, and overall personality.

Blood pressure is the force of blood that is pushing up against the walls of the blood vessels.High blood pressure; transitory or sustained elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure to a level likely to induce cardiovascular damage or other adverse consequences.”

Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers — for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high.

The top, larger number is called the systolic pressureThe highest pressure reached by blood in the arteries is called the systolic pressure. Systolic it is the force of blood in the arteries as the heart.

The bottom, smaller number is called the diastolic pressure. The lowest pressure reached by blood in the arteries is known as the diastolic pressure. it is the force of blood in the arteries as the heart relaxes between beats. It’s shown as the bottom number in a blood pressure reading.

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NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE – In the range 130/85

HIGH NORMAL – In the ranges 130–140/85–90

MILD HYPERTENSION – In the ranges 140–160/90–100

MODERATE HYPERTENSION – In the ranges 160–180/100–110

SEVERE HYPERTENSION – In the ranges 180–210/110–120

VERY SEVERE HYPERTENSION – Higher than 210/120

 

TYPES OF HYPERTENSION

The two major types are-

1.PRIMARY OR ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION- It has no known cause, is diagnosed in the majority of people.

2.SECONDARY HYPERTENSION- It is often caused by several reversible factors.

 

The other types include-

  • MALIGNANT HYPERTENSION– This is the most severe and progressive form of hypertension. It rapidly leads to organ damage. Unless properly treated, it is fatal within five years for the majority of patients. Death usually comes from heart failure, kidney damage or brain haemorrhage.
  • ISOLATED SYSTOLIC HYPERTENSION– In this type, the systolic blood pressure, is consistently above 160 mm Hg, and the diastolic below 90 mm Hg. This may occur in older people, and results from the age-related stiffening of the arteries. The loss of elasticity in arteries, like the aorta, is mostly due to arteriosclerosis. The Western lifestyle and diet is believed to be the root cause.
  • WHITE COAT HYPERTENSION– It is also called anxiety-induced hypertension, it means blood pressure is only high when tested by a health professional.
  • RESISTANT HYPERTENSION– If blood pressure cannot be reduced to below 140/90 mmHg, despite a triple-drug regime, resistant hypertension is considered.

 

SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION

Most people with primary hypertension don’t have any obvious symptoms at all. The symptoms of hypertension vary from person to person. These symptoms could also be symptoms of other health problems; however the more common symptoms of hypertension are-

  • Chronic headaches
  • Dizziness or Vertigo
  • Blurry or double vison
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Fatigue – general tiredness
  • A flushed face
  • Nosebleeds
  • A strong need to urinate often (especially during the night)
  • Tinnitus (a ringing or buzzing in the ears)

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Causes, incidence, and risk factors:-

Many factors can affect blood pressure, including:

How much water and salt you have in your body

The condition of your kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels

 

You have a higher risk of high blood pressure if you

Smoking

Obesity or being overweight

Diabetes

Sedentary lifestyle

High levels of salt intake (sodium sensitivity)

Vitamin D deficiency

High levels of alcohol consumption

Stress

Lack of physical activity

Aging

Insufficient calcium, potassium, and magnesium consumption

Medicines such as birth control pills

Genetics and a family history of hypertension

Chronic kidney disease

Adrenal and thyroid problems or tumor

 

Most of the time, there are no symptoms. For most patients, high blood pressure is found when they visit their health care provider or have it checked elsewhere.

Because there are no symptoms, people can develop heart disease and kidney problems without knowing they have high blood pressure.

If you have a severe headache, nausea or vomiting, bad headache, confusion, changes in your vision, or nosebleeds you may have a severe and dangerous form of high blood pressure called malignant hypertension.

Hypertension is sometimes very serious, since the risk of stroke, as well as heart and kidney problems, can increase if the blood pressure gets too high. Stressful episodes of nervousness or worry may raise the blood pressure temporarily, but long-term resting elevated blood pressure is more dangerous and should be monitored. A constitutional remedy chosen by an experienced prescriber is the most appropriate way to treat deep-seated, serious, or chronic conditions.

Research shows that high blood pressure starts much early in life and at times goes undetected for decades until it shows itself in symptoms. It usually, is one of the most common cause for heart disease. In an extensive research carried around the world for six years, a scientific panel learned that the problems in the cardiovascular system (heart and the vessels carrying blood) can begin at much lower blood pressure levels than previously believed .

 

Preventing hypertension

How can hypertension be prevented?

Hypertension can best be prevented by adjusting your lifestyle so that proper diet and exercise are key components. It is important to maintain a healthy weight, reduce salt intake, reduce alcohol intake, and reduce stress.

 

Treatment

The goal of treatment is to reduce blood pressure so that you have a lower risk of complications. You and your health care provider should set a blood pressure goal for you.

If you have pre-hypertension, your health care provider will recommend lifestyle changes to bring your blood pressure down to a normal range. Medicines are rarely used for pre-hypertension.

You can do many things to help control your blood pressure, including:

Eat a heart-healthy diet, including potassium and fiber, and drink plenty of water. See: High blood pressure and diet

Exercise regularly — at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise a day.

If you smoke, quit — find a program that will help you stop.

Limit how much alcohol you drink — one drink a day for women, two a day for men.

Limit the amount of sodium (salt) you eat — aim for less than 1,500 mg per day.

Reduce stress — try to avoid things that cause you stress. You can also try meditation or yoga.

Stay at a healthy body weight — find a weight-loss program to help you, if you need it.

Adopting Lifestyle modifications can be of great help for those in the prehypertension stage and also those suffering from hypertension.

Diet

Reduce sodium intake, which basically means reducing salt intake .Eat more whole grains, beans, fresh fruits and vegetables and low fat diary products. Reduce alcohol intake and for smoking, in short ?don?t?. Limit intake of saturated fats (animal fats).

Stress

Eliminate unnecessary elements of stress in your life and try activities like meditation, yoga, dancing, regular walks etc. Certain homoeopathic medicines are a natural form of reducing stress.

Obesity and Exercise.

Being overweight means that your heart will have to work more hard, resulting in higher blood pressure. Keep a regular check on your cholesterol levels. Regular exercise is must for maintaining ideal blood pressure levels