Obesity : Hazards and homoeopathic management
Homeopathy and obesity – Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat.
In general, women collect fat in their hips and buttocks, giving their figures a “pear” shape. Men, on the other hand, usually collect fat around the belly, giving them more of an “apple” shape.
India is now in the grip of an obesity epidemic and the trend needs to be immediately arrested by taxing junk food, restricting food ads and making food labelling clearer, according to a study. Currently, almost 1 in 5 men and over 1 in 6 women are overweight.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors—-
Taking in more calories than you burn can lead to obesity because the body stores unused calories as fat. Obesity can be caused by:
o Eating more food than your body can use
o Drinking too much alcohol
o Not getting enough exercise
Today, we know that biology is a big reason why some people cannot keep the weight off. Some people who live in the same place and eat the same foods become obese, while others do not. Our bodies have a complex system to help keep our weight at a healthy level.
o We are surrounded by things that make it easy to overeat and hard to stay active:
o Many people do not have time to plan and make healthy meals.
o More people today work desk jobs compared to more active jobs in the past.
o People with less free time have less time to exercise.
o Obesity is a major health threat. The extra weight puts added stress on every part of your body.
People with obesity are at risk for these health problems:
- Bone and joint problems -Excess weight puts extreme pressure on your joints, sometimes causing inflammation in the joints (known as arthritis). Obesity is also a factor in osteoarthritis a form of arthritis that is caused by wear and tear on the joints
- Gallstones – Obesity causes the liver to secrete excessive amounts of a fluid called bile, which is stored in the gallbladder. Bile is necessary for the body to digest fats. But an overproduction of bile sets the stage for the formation of gallstone.
- Liver problems.
- Heartattack from coronary heart disease, congestive heart failure, and stroke.
5.Highblood cholesterol and triglycerides (dislipidemia or high blood fats).
6.Highblood pressure (hypertension).
7.Highblood sugar (glucose) or diabetes.
8.Stopping breathing during sleep (sleep apnea). This can cause daytime fatigue or sleepiness, poor attention, and problems at work.
9.CANCER – Women who are significantly overweight are at increased risk of risk of cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus). If you are obese and your periods are irregular.
10.INFERTILITY – Obesity sometimes leads to changes in hormone levels that can result in a failure of the ovaries to release eggs regularly. This abnormality, called an ovulation, is associated with irregular or absent periods and infertility.
Sometimes, medical problems or treatments cause weight gain, including:
Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
Medicines such as birth control pills, antidepressants, and antipsychotics
Other things that can cause weight gain are:
Quitting smoking. Most people who quit smoking gain 4 – 10 pounds in the first 6 months after quitting. Some people gain as much as 25 – 30 pounds.
Stress, anxiety, feeling sad, or not sleeping well
For women:Menopause — women may gain 12-15 pounds during menopause
Not losing the weight they gained during pregnancy.
The two most common ways to measure health risks from your weight are:-Body mass index (BMI),Waist circumference (your waist measurement in inches).
BMI is measured using height and weight. You and your health care provider can use your BMI to estimate how much body fat you have.
The World Health Organization uses a classification system using the BMI to define overweight and obesity.
o A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is defined as a “pre-obese.”
o A BMI of 30 to 34.99 is defined as “obese class I.”
o A BMI of 35 to 39.99 is defined as “obese class II.”
o A BMI of or greater than 40.00 is defined as “obese class III.”
CHANGING YOUR LIFESTYLE
An active lifestyle and regular exercise, along with healthy eating, is the best way to lose weight. Even modest weight loss can improve your health. You will need a lot of support from family and friends.
When dieting, your main goal should be to learn new, healthy ways of eating and make them a part of your daily routine.
Many people find it hard to change their eating habits and behaviors. You may have practiced some habits for so long that you may not even know they are unhealthy, or you do them without thinking. You need to be motivated to make lifestyle changes. Make the behavior change part of your life over the long term. Know that it takes time to make and keep a change in your lifestyle.
Work with your health care provider and dietitian to set realistic, safe daily calorie counts that help you lose weight while staying healthy. Remember that if you drop pounds slowly and steadily, you are more likely to keep them off. Your dietitian can teach you about:
Healthy food choices,Healthy snacks,Sweetened drinks,How to read the nutrition labels.
Blood tests may be done to look for thyroid or hormone problems that could lead to weight gain.
New ways to prepare food.
A modest weight loss of 5%-10% of the initial weight, and long-term maintenance of that weight loss can bring significant health gains, including
lowered blood pressure;,reduced blood levels of cholesterol;reduced risk of type 2 (adult-onset) diabetes (In the Nurses Health Study, women who lost 5 kilograms (11 pounds) of weight reduced their risk of diabetes by 50% or more.);Decreased chance of stroke;decreased complications of heart disease;decreased overall mortality.
Learn new ways to manage stress, rather than snacking. Examples may be meditation, yoga, or exercise. If you are depressed or stressed a lot, talk to your health care provider.
MEDICATIONS AND HERBAL REMEDIES
You may see ads for supplements and herbal remedies that claim they will help you lose weight. Many of these claims are not true, and some of these supplements can have serious side effects. Talk to your health care provider before using them.
Several prescription weight loss drugs are available. Most people lose between 5 and 10 pounds by taking these drugs. Most people also regain the weight when they stop taking the medicine, unless they have made lasting lifestyle changes, such as exercising and cutting unhealthy foods from their diet.
HOMOEOPATHY AND WEIGHT MANAGEMENT-There are a lot of treatment options and remedies available in the market for obesity. But almost all of them are associated with serious side effects and toxicity except homeopathy. In homeopathy there are around 180 remedies for obesity. The choice of remedy depends upon the complete case history of the patient.
For example, Fucus v is chose by a homeopath when the patient also has thyroid problem and is constipation. Phytolacca berry is chosen when we have to increase the metabolic rate. And Calcarea carbonicum if the patient is fair, fatty and flabby with depression and constipation. So, in homeopathy the choice of remedy depends upon the complete symptomatology of the patient.
In medical practice I use the homeopathic program for obesity or weight management. This program consists of Cs –
1 .Change– Use smaller plates, do not read or watch TV while eating, chew every bite twenty times.
2.Control– The right homeopathic remedy with a help of a professional homeopath to control obesity.
3.Cleanse– Drink lots of water. Yoga /Exercise atleast 45 minutes daily. All the above mobilize the accumulated toxic substances in the body to be washed away.
4.Caloric Reduction– Eat lots of green leafy vegetables and fruits with high fibre content and low calories and sugar.
Thus, homeopathy offers a safe, long lasting and holistic solution for fat loss in obese people. The remedies are composed of natural elements in minuscule doses with absolutely no side effects.